What To Do After a Commercial Vehicle Accident

After a commercial vehicle accident, immediate questions arise: Who is liable? How can you protect your rights? What steps should you take right now? This article cuts through the confusion, offering a clear roadmap for the aftermath of a commercial vehicle accident. You’ll learn about the common causes, the layers of potential liability, and the essential actions that can safeguard your legal rights and maximize your compensation.

Key Takeaways

  • Commercial vehicle accidents can have severe consequences, often involving multiple parties and requiring rapid response; common causes include distracted driving, fatigue, speeding, and impaired driving.

  • Immediate action after a commercial vehicle accident, such as calling 911, documenting the scene, and seeking medical attention, is critical for health, safety, and preserving legal rights for any future claims.

  • Determining liability in commercial vehicle accidents is complex and often involves various parties such as drivers, employers, and maintenance crews; specialized legal expertise is essential for navigating the legal process and securing fair compensation.

Understanding Commercial Vehicle Accidents

Illustration of a commercial vehicle accident

The phrase ‘commercial vehicle accidents’ often brings to mind scenes of crumpled cars and huge tractor trailers scattered across the motorway. These are not simple fender-benders. They usually involve large trucks or buses—vehicles whose considerable size, weight, and speed can lead to disastrous consequences in a truck accident involving commercial vehicles and other vehicles. The ensuing injuries and damages can be severe, necessitating a prompt and knowledgeable response from everyone involved in truck accidents, especially those involving commercial truck accidents.

What differentiates these accidents from your typical vehicle collision? We need to examine the frequent causes and the distinct challenges they pose.

Common Causes of Accidents

Distracted driving stands as a notorious culprit in commercial vehicle accidents. Whether it’s cell phone use, GPS manipulation, or other in-cab distractions, these momentary lapses in attention can have lifelong repercussions. Adding to the danger is driver fatigue—a consequence of grueling, long-haul journeys with inadequate rest, making it a significant risk factor.

Speeding, too, contributes its fair share to the chaos on our roads, with commercial drivers often pushing the limits to meet tight deadlines. And let’s not overlook impairment due to alcohol or illicit substances; even below standard legal limits for non-commercial drivers, such impairments can heavily tilt the scale toward tragedy.

Unique Challenges in Commercial Vehicle Accidents

Unraveling the threads of liability in commercial vehicle accidents is akin to solving a multifaceted puzzle. Multiple parties might be involved, including:

  • Truck drivers

  • Trucking companies

  • Manufacturers

  • Cargo loaders

Each of these parties has a potential share in the responsibility. Federal regulations, like those imposed by the FMCSA, add another layer of complexity, dictating standards for driving hours and vehicle maintenance. Compliance with these guidelines—or lack thereof—plays a pivotal role in liability determinations, especially when improperly secured cargo or inadequate inspections are involved.

But the challenges don’t end there. Evidence can quickly degrade due to weather, road maintenance, or simply the passage of time, making rapid collection and preservation crucial. Eyewitness accounts can fade, and electronic data such as black box recordings can be lost, which underscores the urgency of prompt action.

The litigation process, including the discovery phase, requires meticulous attention to detail and a deep understanding of the specific circumstances surrounding the accident.

The Importance of Immediate Action at the Accident Scene

Illustration of immediate action at the accident scene

The moments following an accident are critical. Standing at the accident scene, a whirlwind of actions must take place:

  • Calling 911

  • Documenting the chaos with photos and videos

  • Obtaining information from all drivers involved

  • Gathering witness accounts

  • Ensuring your own safety

Taking immediate action is essential not only for health and safety but also in preserving the legal rights of accident victims.

We need to further scrutinize the vital steps of documenting the scene and procuring medical attention.

Documenting the Scene

Illustration of documenting the accident scene

Amid the confusion, taking a step back to capture the accident scene can be your saving grace. Snap photographs from every angle—these will serve as silent but powerful witnesses in reconstructing the accident and establishing the sequence of events.

Collecting witness statements while the incident is still fresh in their minds provides invaluable perspectives that can either corroborate or challenge the evidence at hand. And remember, physical evidence like skid marks and debris is transient; it must be preserved expediently to avoid any alterations to the site that could obscure the truth.

Seeking Medical Attention

Injuries from a commercial vehicle accident can be deceptively dangerous. Some wounds may lurk beneath the surface, not revealing their severity until much later. Thus, seeking medical attention immediately is not only wise for your health but also imperative for any personal injury lawsuit that may ensue. Be wary that insurance companies may scrutinize the timing of your medical care, often using delayed treatment to question the severity of your injuries.

Keeping your medical records clear, consistent, and objective is crucial, as any inconsistencies can be challenged, potentially impacting the legal outcome. Above all, proper medical care ensures peace of mind and allows you to focus on the road to recovery with confidence.

Determining Liability in Commercial Vehicle Accidents

Determining liability in commercial vehicle accidents is an intricate process, fraught with legal complexities. Multiple parties can be held responsible, including:

  • The drivers

  • Their employers

  • Manufacturers

  • Maintenance crews

Federal regulations, such as hours-of-service limits, play a significant role in establishing fault, and evidence of negligence by the driver or the trucking company can be solidified by demonstrating violations of these rules.

The legal complexity of these cases, distinct from standard car accidents, necessitates specialized legal expertise to navigate the murky waters of accountability.

Driver Responsibility

At the heart of many accidents lies driver negligence. Proving such negligence entails establishing a duty of care, a breach of that duty, causality, and the presence of damages. Instances of negligence may include driving under the influence, speeding, reckless driving, hours of service violations, and even distracted driving.

The persistent issue of driver fatigue, driven by demanding trucking schedules, further exacerbates the risk of accidents. Hours of Service regulations aim to combat this fatigue, yet their enforcement remains challenging, with violations contributing significantly to accidents.

Employer Liability

Shifting our gaze from the driver to the employer reveals another potential source of liability. Employers can be held accountable for the actions of their employees under the doctrine of vicarious liability, especially if negligent acts were committed within the scope of employment. Inadequate training, supervision, and maintenance fall under the employer’s purview, and failure in these areas can lead to accidents and liability.

Furthermore, hiring practices come under scrutiny when employers recruit drivers with known safety violations, contributing to the potential for accidents. The complexity of the employer-employee relationship, sometimes masked by the ‘independent contractor’ label, is thoroughly examined by courts to determine true liability.

Third-Party Involvement

The liability web in commercial vehicle accidents can extend beyond the immediate parties to include:

  • Manufacturers might be held liable if they fail to communicate the dangerous properties of the cargo

  • Shippers might be held liable if they neglect proper cargo loading procedures, leading to accidents caused by shifting or falling cargo

  • Maintenance personnel might be held liable if they neglect upkeep of critical components like brakes and tires, potentially causing catastrophic accidents

This directs the liability towards those responsible for vehicle maintenance.

Even the condition of securing devices for cargo, if found damaged or degraded, can tip the scales of liability toward parties tasked with safe cargo transport.

Recovering Damages in a Commercial Vehicle Accident Case

Following a commercial vehicle accident, victims often question their chances of obtaining compensation for damages. Entitlement extends to economic and non-economic damages, essential for compensating victims for their losses. Negotiating with insurance companies is a critical part of this process, and when a satisfactory settlement cannot be reached, litigation may be required to pursue full compensation.

We should analyze the various damages that can be recuperated and their role within the broader context of insurance claims and litigation.

Economic Damages

Economic damages serve as the financial lifeblood for those who have suffered in a commercial vehicle accident. They encompass the full spectrum of medical costs, from emergency services to ongoing treatments, providing a quantifiable measure of the impact on the victim’s health. However, the toll of an accident is not limited to physical injuries alone. Lost wages due to missed work, as well as the potential loss of future earnings, form part of the economic damages sought by victims.

Beyond this, property damage claims for vehicle repairs or replacement, along with additional costs such as medical expenses and transportation to medical appointments, are factored into the economic equation.

Non-Economic Damages

While economic damages may cover the tangible costs, non-economic damages delve into the intangible yet profound impacts of an accident. Compensation for pain and suffering recognizes not only the physical agony but also the psychological distress endured. Emotional trauma, a shadow that can linger long after physical wounds have healed, is also considered under non-economic damages, addressing issues like anxiety, depression, and PTSD.

The effect of an accident on a victim’s relationships, encapsulated in loss of consortium damages, and the permanent changes to one’s body, addressed through compensation for scarring and disfigurement, further illustrate the broad scope of non-economic damages.

The Role of an Experienced Personal Injury Attorney

Dealing with the aftermath of a commercial vehicle accident can be overwhelming, yet the support of an experienced truck accident attorney can significantly alleviate this burden. Specialized legal expertise is indispensable in understanding the complexities involved and ensuring the victim’s rights are protected. From handling the intricate aspects of the claim to allowing victims the space to focus on their recovery, these legal professionals save their clients valuable time and stress.

Whether through shrewd negotiations with insurance companies or standing up for clients in the courtroom, personal injury attorneys are vital allies in securing justice,. Let’s now explore how these attorneys negotiate with insurance companies and litigate cases to protect the legal rights of accident victims.

Negotiating with Insurance Companies

An attorney adept in personal injury law, also known as a personal injury lawyer, is a formidable force when it comes to negotiating with insurance companies. They’re equipped to:

  • Assemble a robust case, ensuring that the compensation offered reflects the full extent of their client’s damages

  • Advocate for their client’s rights and interests

  • Navigate the complex legal process

  • Handle all communication and negotiations with insurance companies

  • Provide guidance and support throughout the entire claims process

Insurance companies often adopt a more serious stance when faced with a knowledgeable attorney, which can result in higher settlements.

The negotiation process involves a strategic back-and-forth, beginning with a detailed demand letter and potentially culminating in a fair settlement offer, despite initial resistance from the insurance companies. The attorney’s persistence and preparedness to counter delay tactics or bad faith negotiations can be the difference between an unsatisfactory outcome and just compensation. Moreover, the economic burden of legal fees incurred during this process is generally recoverable, highlighting the practical benefits of attorney representation.

Litigating Your Case

When negotiations hit an impasse, litigation becomes the arena where justice is sought. An attorney with a wealth of litigation experience is crucial for guiding clients through the complexities of trial proceedings. Filing a lawsuit not only signals the seriousness of the client’s claim but also serves as a catalyst for the insurance company to consider a fair settlement.

If the case does go to trial, a skilled attorney will advocate fiercely for the client’s rightful compensation, utilizing a compelling array of investigations, evidence, and expert testimonies.


Navigating the aftermath of a commercial vehicle accident requires a delicate balance of immediate action, legal knowledge, and strategic planning. From understanding the causes of such accidents to documenting the scene, seeking medical attention, and determining liability, each step is a critical piece of a larger puzzle. Recovering damages and having an experienced personal injury attorney by your side can make all the difference in the outcome of your case. With the insights and strategies discussed, you are now better equipped to handle the challenges that arise following a commercial vehicle accident, ensuring your rights are protected and justice is served. If you’ve been injured in a commercial vehicle accident, call us at (817) 207-4878.


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About the Author

Benson Varghese is the managing partner of Varghese Summersett. He is a seasoned trial attorney, highly esteemed for his comprehensive knowledge and expertise in the field. He has been to trial throughout state and federal courts in Texas. 

As a former insurance adjuster himself, Benson has insights into how insurance companies evaluate claims – and why without the proper encouragement, they are likely to undervalue a claim. Benson uses these insights combined with his clout in the courtroom to obtain justice for his clients – in and outside of the courtroom.

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